.NET CORE(C#) WPF亚克力窗体

阅读导航

  1. 本文背景
  2. 代码实现
  3. 本文参考
  4. 源码

1. 本文背景

本文介绍使用FluentWPF控件库实现亚克力效果的窗体。

亚克力窗体

2. 代码实现

使用 .Net Core 3.1 创建名为 “AcrylicWindow” 的WPF模板项目,添加三个Nuget库:MaterialDesignThemes、MaterialDesignColors和FluentWPF,其中亚克力效果是由FluentWPF控件库实现的。

以下为三个库具体版本:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<packages>
  <package id="FluentWPF" version="0.4.0" targetFramework="net461" />
  <package id="MaterialDesignColors" version="1.1.2" targetFramework="net461" />
  <package id="MaterialDesignThemes" version="2.4.1.1101" targetFramework="net461" />
</packages>

解决方案主要文件目录组织结构:

  • AcrylicWindow
    • App.xaml
    • MainWindow.xaml
      • MainWIndow.xaml.cs

2.1 引入样式

文件【App.xaml】,在StartupUri中设置启动的视图【MainWindow.xaml】,并在【Application.Resources】节点增加MaterialDesignThemes和FluentWPF控件库的样式文件:

<Application x:Class="AcrylicWindow.App"
             xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
             xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
             StartupUri="MainWindow.xaml">
    <Application.Resources>
        <ResourceDictionary>
            <ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
                <!--  FluentWPF Controls  -->
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/FluentWPF;component/Styles/Controls.xaml" />

                <!-- Material Design Controls-->
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignThemes.Wpf;component/Themes/MaterialDesignTheme.Light.xaml" />
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignThemes.Wpf;component/Themes/MaterialDesignTheme.Defaults.xaml"/>
            </ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
        </ResourceDictionary>
    </Application.Resources>
</Application>

2.2 演示窗体布局

文件【MainWindow.xaml】,引入MaterialDesignThemes和FluentWPF控件库的命名空间,源码如下:

<Window x:Class="AcrylicWindow.MainWindow"
        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
        xmlns:materialDesign="http://materialdesigninxaml.net/winfx/xaml/themes"
        xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
        xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
        xmlns:fw="clr-namespace:SourceChord.FluentWPF;assembly=FluentWPF"
        mc:Ignorable="d"
        fw:AcrylicWindow.Enabled="True" fw:AcrylicWindow.AcrylicWindowStyle="None"
        MouseDown="Window_MouseDown" FontSize="15" Height="600" Width="1080" WindowStyle="None" AllowsTransparency="True" ResizeMode="NoResize" WindowStartupLocation="CenterScreen">
    <Grid>
        <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <ColumnDefinition Width="350"/>
            <ColumnDefinition Width="*"/>
        </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>

        <Grid fw:PointerTracker.Enabled="True" Background="#01FFFFFF">
            <StackPanel>
                <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                    <Button Foreground="Black" Background="{x:Null}" BorderBrush="{x:Null}">
                        <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="ArrowLeft"/>
                    </Button>
                    <TextBlock Text="Settings" FontSize="12" Margin="10" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                </StackPanel>
                <ListViewItem Padding="0">
                    <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                        <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="Home" Margin="15"/>
                        <TextBlock Text="Home" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                    </StackPanel>
                </ListViewItem>
                <TextBlock Text="System" Margin="15" FontWeight="DemiBold"/>
                <ListView FontSize="15">
                    <ListViewItem Padding="1">
                        <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                            <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="Monitor" Margin="15"/>
                            <TextBlock Text="Video" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                        </StackPanel>
                    </ListViewItem>
                    <ListViewItem Padding="1">
                        <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                            <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="Headphones" Margin="15"/>
                            <TextBlock Text="Audio" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                        </StackPanel>
                    </ListViewItem>
                    <ListViewItem Padding="1">
                        <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                            <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="MessageOutline" Margin="15"/>
                            <TextBlock Text="Notifications" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                        </StackPanel>
                    </ListViewItem>
                    <ListViewItem Padding="1">
                        <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                            <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="BatteryOutline" Margin="15"/>
                            <TextBlock Text="Battery" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                        </StackPanel>
                    </ListViewItem>
                </ListView>
            </StackPanel>
        </Grid>
        <Grid Grid.Column="1" Background="White">

        </Grid>
    </Grid>
</Window>

关键点说一下:

  1. 作者源码中隐藏标题栏使用的【fw:AcrylicWindow.ShowTitleBar=”False”】,站长使用 .NET CORE 3.1创建的项目提示该属性不存在,遂尝试敲打出【fw:AcrylicWindow.AcrylicWindowStyle=”None”】属性替代,效果一样的;
  2. fw:AcrylicWindow.Enabled 属性是是否启用亚克力效果的开关,设置为True,效果见上面演示动画;设置为False,效果图如下: 
  3. 演示窗体分为左右两部分,左侧设置Grid背景色“#01FFFFFF”,带有透明度才能看出亚克力效果,右侧Grid背景色设置为白色,方便左右对比。

后台代码【MainWindow.xaml.cs】实现鼠标左键拖动窗体功能:

private void Window_MouseDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
{
    DragMove();
}

3.本文参考

  1. 视频一:C# WPF Design UI: Transparent/Acrylic Window,配套源码:AcrylicWindow

4.源码

文中代码已经全部给出,可直接Copy代码,按解决方案目录组织代码文件即可运行,另附原作者视频及源码【见3.本文参考】、站长成功编译的Demo(点击下载->AcrylicWindow)。

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