.NET CORE(C#) WPF 重新设计Instagram

阅读导航

  1. 本文背景
  2. 代码实现
  3. 本文参考
  4. 源码

1. 本文背景

老外的一个界面设计,站长觉得不错,分享给大家作为参考,难度不大,主要是界面布局设计。

界面设计欣赏

2. 代码实现

使用 .NET CORE 3.1 创建名为 “InstagramRedesign” 的WPF模板项目,添加1个Nuget库:MaterialDesignThemes,版本为最新预览版3.1.0-ci948。

解决方案主要文件目录组织结构:

  • InstagramRedesign
    • Assets
      • 数张图片,从Github上下载
    • App.xaml
    • MainWindow.xaml
      • MainWindow.xaml.cs

2.1 引入样式

文件【App.xaml】,在 StartupUri 中设置启动的视图【MainWindow.xaml】,并在【Application.Resources】节点增加 MaterialDesignThemes库的样式文件:

<Application.Resources>
        <ResourceDictionary>
            <ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignThemes.Wpf;component/Themes/MaterialDesignTheme.Dark.xaml" />
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignThemes.Wpf;component/Themes/MaterialDesignTheme.Defaults.xaml" />
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignColors;component/Themes/Recommended/Primary/MaterialDesignColor.Blue.xaml" />
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignColors;component/Themes/Recommended/Accent/MaterialDesignColor.Indigo.xaml" />
            </ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
        </ResourceDictionary>
    </Application.Resources>

2.2 演示窗体布局

文件【MainWindow.xaml】,布局代码,源码如下:

<Window x:Class="InstagramRedesign.MainWindow"
        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
        xmlns:materialDesign="http://materialdesigninxaml.net/winfx/xaml/themes"
        xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
        xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006" MouseLeftButtonDown="MoveWindow_MouseLeftButtonDown"
        mc:Ignorable="d" Height="600" Width="1080" ResizeMode="NoResize" WindowStartupLocation="CenterScreen" WindowStyle="None">
    <Grid Background="#FF44325F">
        <Grid Height="100" VerticalAlignment="Top" Background="White">
            <Image Source="Assets/insta.jpg" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="10 0"/>
            <TextBlock Text="Sunshine mixed with a little Hurricane✨" Margin="10" FontSize="14" Foreground="#FF2A6088" HorizontalAlignment="Center"/>
            <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" HorizontalAlignment="Center">
                <StackPanel VerticalAlignment="Bottom">
                    <TextBlock Text="追随者" Margin="10 0" FontSize="16" FontWeight="Bold" Foreground="#FF2A6088" />
                    <TextBlock Text="2K" HorizontalAlignment="Center" Margin="5 0 5 5" FontSize="16" Foreground="#FF2A6088"/>
                </StackPanel>
                <StackPanel VerticalAlignment="Bottom">
                    <TextBlock Text="跟随" Margin="10 0" FontSize="16" FontWeight="Bold" Foreground="#FF2A6088"/>
                    <TextBlock Text="957" HorizontalAlignment="Center" Margin="5 0 5 5" FontSize="16" Foreground="#FF2A6088"/>
                </StackPanel>
                <StackPanel VerticalAlignment="Bottom">
                    <TextBlock Text="帖子" Margin="10 0" FontSize="16" FontWeight="Bold" Foreground="#FF2A6088"/>
                    <TextBlock Text="145" HorizontalAlignment="Center" Margin="5 0 5 5" FontSize="16" Foreground="#FF2A6088"/>
                </StackPanel>
            </StackPanel>
        </Grid>
        <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" HorizontalAlignment="Right" VerticalAlignment="Top" Margin="20" >
            <TextBlock FontFamily="Nirmala UI" Text="Dotnet9.com" FontSize="30" Margin="20" VerticalAlignment="Center" Foreground="White"/>
            <StackPanel HorizontalAlignment="Right">
                <Ellipse Height="150" Width="150" Stroke="White" StrokeThickness="3">
                    <Ellipse.Fill>
                        <ImageBrush ImageSource="https://img.dotnet9.com/logo.png" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                    </Ellipse.Fill>
                </Ellipse>
                <Button HorizontalAlignment="Center" Margin="10" Content="编辑个人信息" Background="{x:Null}" BorderBrush="White"/>
            </StackPanel>
        </StackPanel>
        <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" VerticalAlignment="Top" Margin="10 110">
            <TextBox Width="150" materialDesign:HintAssist.Hint="搜索" Foreground="White"/>
            <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="AccountSearch" Foreground="White" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
        </StackPanel>
        <ListView HorizontalAlignment="Right" Margin="0 220 0 0">
            <ListViewItem Height="50" Width="260">
                <Grid Height="30" Width="250">
                    <Ellipse Width="30" Height="30" StrokeThickness="0.5" Stroke="White" HorizontalAlignment="Left">
                        <Ellipse.Fill>
                            <ImageBrush ImageSource="Assets/pexels-photo-192439.jpeg" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                        </Ellipse.Fill>
                    </Ellipse>
                    <TextBlock Width="150" HorizontalAlignment="Left"  Margin="35 0" Text="Your friend John is on instagram as John_J" FontSize="10" TextWrapping="Wrap"/>
                    <Button HorizontalAlignment="Right" Content="跟随" FontSize="10" Margin="10 0" Height="20" Padding="10 0"/>
                </Grid>
            </ListViewItem>
            <ListViewItem Height="50" Width="260">
                <Grid Height="30" Width="250">
                    <Ellipse Width="30" Height="30" StrokeThickness="0.5" Stroke="White" HorizontalAlignment="Left">
                        <Ellipse.Fill>
                            <ImageBrush ImageSource="Assets/pexels-photo-301290.jpeg" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                        </Ellipse.Fill>
                    </Ellipse>
                    <TextBlock Width="150" HorizontalAlignment="Left"  Margin="35 0" Text="Your friend Lucy is on instagram as LLucy" FontSize="10" TextWrapping="Wrap"/>
                    <Button HorizontalAlignment="Right" Content="跟随" FontSize="10" Margin="10 0" Height="20" Padding="10 0"/>
                </Grid>
            </ListViewItem>
            <ListViewItem Height="50" Width="260">
                <Grid Height="30" Width="250">
                    <Ellipse Width="30" Height="30" StrokeThickness="0.5" Stroke="White" HorizontalAlignment="Left">
                        <Ellipse.Fill>
                            <ImageBrush ImageSource="Assets/pexels-photo-614810.jpeg" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                        </Ellipse.Fill>
                    </Ellipse>
                    <TextBlock Width="150" HorizontalAlignment="Left"  Margin="35 0" Text="Your friend _b_b_jax is on instagram as bbjax" FontSize="10" TextWrapping="Wrap"/>
                    <Button HorizontalAlignment="Right" Content="跟随" FontSize="10" Margin="10 0" Height="20" Padding="10 0"/>
                </Grid>
            </ListViewItem>
            <ListViewItem Height="50" Width="260">
                <Grid Height="30" Width="250">
                    <Ellipse Width="30" Height="30" StrokeThickness="0.5" Stroke="White" HorizontalAlignment="Left">
                        <Ellipse.Fill>
                            <ImageBrush ImageSource="Assets/pexels-photo-638791.jpeg" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                        </Ellipse.Fill>
                    </Ellipse>
                    <TextBlock Width="150" HorizontalAlignment="Left"  Margin="35 0" Text="Your friend Carl is on instagram as CJ" FontSize="10" TextWrapping="Wrap"/>
                    <Button HorizontalAlignment="Right" Content="跟随" FontSize="10" Margin="10 0" Height="20" Padding="10 0"/>
                </Grid>
            </ListViewItem>
        </ListView>
        <StackPanel Margin="0 150 300 0">
            <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" Margin="10">
                <Ellipse Height="70" Width="70" Margin="10" Stroke="White" StrokeThickness="3">
                    <Ellipse.Fill>
                        <ImageBrush ImageSource="Assets/pexels-photo-192439.jpeg" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                    </Ellipse.Fill>
                </Ellipse>
                <Ellipse Height="70" Width="70" Margin="10" Stroke="White" StrokeThickness="3">
                    <Ellipse.Fill>
                        <ImageBrush ImageSource="Assets/pexels-photo-301290.jpeg" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                    </Ellipse.Fill>
                </Ellipse>
                <Ellipse Height="70" Width="70" Margin="10" Stroke="White" StrokeThickness="3">
                    <Ellipse.Fill>
                        <ImageBrush ImageSource="Assets/pexels-photo-614810.jpeg" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                    </Ellipse.Fill>
                </Ellipse>
                <Ellipse Height="70" Width="70" Margin="10" Stroke="White" StrokeThickness="3">
                    <Ellipse.Fill>
                        <ImageBrush ImageSource="Assets/pexels-photo-638791.jpeg" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                    </Ellipse.Fill>
                </Ellipse>
            </StackPanel>
            <ScrollViewer Height="340">
                <StackPanel>
                    <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" HorizontalAlignment="Center">
                        <Image Width="200" Height="200" Margin="20" Source="Assets/pexels-photo-257360.jpeg" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                        <Image Width="200" Height="200" Margin="20" Source="Assets/pexels-photo-288583.jpeg" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                        <Image Width="200" Height="200" Margin="20" Source="Assets/pexels-photo-790164.jpeg" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                    </StackPanel>
                    <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" HorizontalAlignment="Center">
                        <Image Width="200" Height="200" Margin="20" Source="Assets/food-salad-restaurant-person.jpg" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                        <Image Width="200" Height="200" Margin="20" Source="Assets/pexels-photo-797640.jpeg" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                        <Image Width="200" Height="200" Margin="20" Source="Assets/pexels-photo-790164.jpeg" Stretch="UniformToFill"/>
                    </StackPanel>
                </StackPanel>
            </ScrollViewer>
        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Window>

文件【MainWindow.xaml.cs】,后台站长自己加了一个窗体移动操作:

private void MoveWindow_MouseLeftButtonDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
{
    DragMove();
}

3.本文参考

  1. 视频一:C# WPF Material Design UI: Redesign Instagram,配套源码:Instagram
  2. C# WPF开源控件库《MaterialDesignInXAML》

4.源码

效果图实现代码在文中已经全部给出,从配套源码中拷贝图片,按解决方案目录组织代码文件即可运行。

2020-06-16更新

已将源码集成进开源项目中,欢迎star,源码点击查看

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