简易音乐播放器主界面设计 – .NET CORE(C#) WPF开发

继续 MaterialDesignThemes 开源控件库学习,尤其是它的图标组件,本文设计的音乐播放器主界面设计使用该组件较多。

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阅读导航

  1. 本文背景
  2. 代码实现
  3. 本文参考
  4. 源码

1. 本文背景

继续 MaterialDesignThemes 开源控件库学习,尤其是它的图标组件,本文设计的音乐播放器主界面设计使用该组件较多。

主界面
动画

2. 代码实现

使用 .NET CORE 3.1 创建名为 “Player” 的WPF模板项目,添加1个Nuget库:MaterialDesignThemes.3.1.0-ci981。

解决方案主要文件目录组织结构:

  • Player
    • App.xaml
    • MainWindow.xaml
      • MainWindow.xaml.cs

2.1 App.xaml文件引入样式

文件【App.xaml】,在 StartupUri 中设置启动的视图【MainWindow.xaml】,并在【Application.Resources】节点增加 MaterialDesignThemes库的样式文件:

<Application x:Class="Player.App"
             xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
             xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
             xmlns:local="clr-namespace:Player"
             StartupUri="MainWindow.xaml">
    <Application.Resources>
        <ResourceDictionary>
            <ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignThemes.Wpf;component/Themes/MaterialDesignTheme.Light.xaml" />
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignThemes.Wpf;component/Themes/MaterialDesignTheme.Defaults.xaml" />
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignColors;component/Themes/Recommended/Primary/MaterialDesignColor.Blue.xaml" />
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignColors;component/Themes/Recommended/Accent/MaterialDesignColor.Indigo.xaml" />
            </ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
        </ResourceDictionary>
    </Application.Resources>
</Application>

2.2 MainWindow.xaml音乐播放器主窗体

文件【MainWindow.xaml】,设计主界面,源码如下:

<Window x:Class="Player.MainWindow"
        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
        xmlns:materialDesign="http://materialdesigninxaml.net/winfx/xaml/themes"
        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
        MouseLeftButtonDown="MoveWindow_MouseLeftButtonDown"
        Title="播放器" Height="500" Width="300" ResizeMode="NoResize" WindowStartupLocation="CenterScreen" WindowStyle="None" Foreground="LightSteelBlue">
    <Window.Resources>
        <ResourceDictionary>
            <Style x:Key="ScrollThumbs" TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
                <Setter Property="Template">
                    <Setter.Value>
                        <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
                            <Grid x:Name="Grid">
                                <Rectangle HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" VerticalAlignment="Stretch" Width="Auto" Height="Auto" Fill="Transparent" />
                                <Border x:Name="Rectangle1" CornerRadius="10" HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" VerticalAlignment="Stretch" Width="Auto" Height="Auto"  Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" />
                            </Grid>
                            <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                                <Trigger Property="Tag" Value="Horizontal">
                                    <Setter TargetName="Rectangle1" Property="Width" Value="Auto" />
                                    <Setter TargetName="Rectangle1" Property="Height" Value="7" />
                                </Trigger>
                            </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                        </ControlTemplate>
                    </Setter.Value>
                </Setter>
            </Style>

            <!--ScrollBars-->
            <Style x:Key="{x:Type ScrollBar}" TargetType="{x:Type ScrollBar}">
                <Setter Property="Stylus.IsFlicksEnabled" Value="false" />
                <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="LightGray" />
                <Setter Property="Background" Value="DarkGray" />
                <Setter Property="Width" Value="10" />
                <Setter Property="Template">
                    <Setter.Value>
                        <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ScrollBar}">
                            <Grid x:Name="GridRoot" Width="19" Background="{x:Null}">
                                <Track x:Name="PART_Track" Grid.Row="0" IsDirectionReversed="true" Focusable="false">
                                    <Track.Thumb>
                                        <Thumb x:Name="Thumb" Background="{TemplateBinding Foreground}" Style="{DynamicResource ScrollThumbs}" />
                                    </Track.Thumb>
                                    <Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
                                        <RepeatButton x:Name="PageUp" Command="ScrollBar.PageDownCommand" Opacity="0" Focusable="false" />
                                    </Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
                                    <Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
                                        <RepeatButton x:Name="PageDown" Command="ScrollBar.PageUpCommand" Opacity="0" Focusable="false" />
                                    </Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
                                </Track>
                            </Grid>

                            <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                                <Trigger SourceName="Thumb" Property="IsMouseOver" Value="true">
                                    <Setter Value="{DynamicResource ButtonSelectBrush}" TargetName="Thumb" Property="Background" />
                                </Trigger>
                                <Trigger SourceName="Thumb" Property="IsDragging" Value="true">
                                    <Setter Value="{DynamicResource DarkBrush}" TargetName="Thumb" Property="Background" />
                                </Trigger>

                                <Trigger Property="IsEnabled" Value="false">
                                    <Setter TargetName="Thumb" Property="Visibility" Value="Collapsed" />
                                </Trigger>
                                <Trigger Property="Orientation" Value="Horizontal">
                                    <Setter TargetName="GridRoot" Property="LayoutTransform">
                                        <Setter.Value>
                                            <RotateTransform Angle="-90" />
                                        </Setter.Value>
                                    </Setter>
                                    <Setter TargetName="PART_Track" Property="LayoutTransform">
                                        <Setter.Value>
                                            <RotateTransform Angle="-90" />
                                        </Setter.Value>
                                    </Setter>
                                    <Setter Property="Width" Value="Auto" />
                                    <Setter Property="Height" Value="12" />
                                    <Setter TargetName="Thumb" Property="Tag" Value="Horizontal" />
                                    <Setter TargetName="PageDown" Property="Command" Value="ScrollBar.PageLeftCommand" />
                                    <Setter TargetName="PageUp" Property="Command" Value="ScrollBar.PageRightCommand" />
                                </Trigger>
                            </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                        </ControlTemplate>
                    </Setter.Value>
                </Setter>
            </Style>
        </ResourceDictionary>
    </Window.Resources>
    <Grid Background="Black">
        <Grid Background="#44444444" Margin="10" Height="300" VerticalAlignment="Top">
            <Grid VerticalAlignment="Top">
                <Button x:Name="ButtonFechar" Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFloatingActionMiniAccentButton}" Background="{x:Null}" BorderBrush="{x:Null}" HorizontalAlignment="Right" Width="20" Height="20" Margin="10,0" Click="ButtonFechar_Click">
                    <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="Close" VerticalAlignment="Center" Width="20" Height="20">
                        <materialDesign:PackIcon.Foreground>
                            <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1" MappingMode="RelativeToBoundingBox" StartPoint="0.5,0">
                                <GradientStop Color="#FFD69016"/>
                                <GradientStop Color="#FFD6511E" Offset="0.747"/>
                                <GradientStop Color="#FF9B330D" Offset="0.807"/>
                            </LinearGradientBrush>
                        </materialDesign:PackIcon.Foreground>
                    </materialDesign:PackIcon>
                </Button>
                <Button Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFloatingActionMiniAccentButton}" Background="{x:Null}" BorderBrush="{x:Null}" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Width="20" Height="20" Margin="10,0">
                    <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="Plus" VerticalAlignment="Center" Width="20" Height="20">
                        <materialDesign:PackIcon.Foreground>
                            <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1" MappingMode="RelativeToBoundingBox" StartPoint="0.5,0">
                                <GradientStop Color="#FFD69016"/>
                                <GradientStop Color="#FFD6511E" Offset="0.747"/>
                                <GradientStop Color="#FF9B330D" Offset="0.807"/>
                            </LinearGradientBrush>
                        </materialDesign:PackIcon.Foreground>
                    </materialDesign:PackIcon>
                </Button>
                <TextBlock Text="野狼disco" Margin="5" HorizontalAlignment="Center" />
            </Grid>

            <TextBlock Text="宝石Gem & 陈伟霆" Margin="25" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Top"/>
            <Grid VerticalAlignment="Top" Margin="0,50">
                <Ellipse Width="150" Height="150" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center">
                    <Ellipse.Stroke>
                        <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1" MappingMode="RelativeToBoundingBox" StartPoint="0.5,0">
                            <GradientStop x:Name="c1" Color="Black" Offset="0.71"/>
                            <GradientStop Color="#FFB85219"/>
                            <GradientStop x:Name="c2" Color="#FEB14F18" Offset="0.6"/>
                        </LinearGradientBrush>
                    </Ellipse.Stroke>
                </Ellipse>
                <Ellipse Width="145" Height="145" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center">
                    <Ellipse.Fill>
                        <RadialGradientBrush>
                            <GradientStop Color="#FF0C0604" Offset="1"/>
                            <GradientStop Color="#FF210900" Offset="0.047"/>
                            <GradientStop Color="#FF1D0800" Offset="0.602"/>
                        </RadialGradientBrush>
                    </Ellipse.Fill>
                </Ellipse>
                <Ellipse Width="135" Height="135">
                    <Ellipse.Fill>
                        <ImageBrush ImageSource="https://dotnet9.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/20200131233622.png" Stretch="Uniform"/>
                    </Ellipse.Fill>
                </Ellipse>
                <Ellipse Fill="#7F000000"  Width="135" Height="135"/>
            </Grid>
            <Grid VerticalAlignment="Bottom" Margin="5">
                <Button Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFloatingActionMiniAccentButton}" Background="{x:Null}" BorderBrush="{x:Null}" HorizontalAlignment="Left">
                    <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="RotateRight" VerticalAlignment="Center" Width="30" Height="30">
                        <materialDesign:PackIcon.Foreground>
                            <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1" MappingMode="RelativeToBoundingBox" StartPoint="0.5,0">
                                <GradientStop Color="#FFD69016"/>
                                <GradientStop Color="#FFD6511E" Offset="0.747"/>
                                <GradientStop Color="#FF9B330D" Offset="0.807"/>
                            </LinearGradientBrush>
                        </materialDesign:PackIcon.Foreground>
                    </materialDesign:PackIcon>
                </Button>

                <Button x:Name="Anterior" Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFloatingActionMiniAccentButton}" Background="{x:Null}" BorderBrush="{x:Null}"  HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="50,0" Click="Anterior_Click">
                    <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="ChevronLeft" VerticalAlignment="Center" Width="30" Height="30">
                        <materialDesign:PackIcon.Foreground>
                            <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1" MappingMode="RelativeToBoundingBox" StartPoint="0.5,0">
                                <GradientStop Color="#FFD69016"/>
                                <GradientStop Color="#FFD6511E" Offset="0.747"/>
                                <GradientStop Color="#FF9B330D" Offset="0.807"/>
                            </LinearGradientBrush>
                        </materialDesign:PackIcon.Foreground>
                    </materialDesign:PackIcon>
                </Button>

                <Button Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFloatingActionMiniAccentButton}" Background="#00000000" BorderBrush="#70702222" HorizontalAlignment="Center">
                    <Button.Effect>
                        <DropShadowEffect Color="#FFD67619" RenderingBias="Quality" BlurRadius="40" Direction="0"/>
                    </Button.Effect>
                    <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="Pause" VerticalAlignment="Center" Width="30" Height="30">
                        <materialDesign:PackIcon.Foreground>
                            <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1" MappingMode="RelativeToBoundingBox" StartPoint="0.5,0">
                                <GradientStop Color="#FFD69016"/>
                                <GradientStop Color="#FFD6511E" Offset="0.747"/>
                                <GradientStop Color="#FF9B330D" Offset="0.807"/>
                            </LinearGradientBrush>
                        </materialDesign:PackIcon.Foreground>
                    </materialDesign:PackIcon>
                </Button>

                <Button x:Name="Proxima" Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFloatingActionMiniAccentButton}" Background="{x:Null}" BorderBrush="{x:Null}"  HorizontalAlignment="Right" Margin="50,0" Click="Proxima_Click">
                    <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="ChevronRight" VerticalAlignment="Center" Width="30" Height="30">
                        <materialDesign:PackIcon.Foreground>
                            <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1" MappingMode="RelativeToBoundingBox" StartPoint="0.5,0">
                                <GradientStop Color="#FFD69016"/>
                                <GradientStop Color="#FFD6511E" Offset="0.747"/>
                                <GradientStop Color="#FF9B330D" Offset="0.807"/>
                            </LinearGradientBrush>
                        </materialDesign:PackIcon.Foreground>
                    </materialDesign:PackIcon>
                </Button>

                <Button Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFloatingActionMiniAccentButton}" Background="{x:Null}" BorderBrush="{x:Null}" HorizontalAlignment="Right">
                    <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="ShuffleVariant" VerticalAlignment="Center" Width="30" Height="30">
                        <materialDesign:PackIcon.Foreground>
                            <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1" MappingMode="RelativeToBoundingBox" StartPoint="0.5,0">
                                <GradientStop Color="#FFD69016"/>
                                <GradientStop Color="#FFD6511E" Offset="0.747"/>
                                <GradientStop Color="#FF9B330D" Offset="0.807"/>
                            </LinearGradientBrush>
                        </materialDesign:PackIcon.Foreground>
                    </materialDesign:PackIcon>
                </Button>
            </Grid>
        </Grid>
        <ListView VerticalAlignment="Bottom" Height="150" Margin="5" Foreground="LightSteelBlue">
            <ListViewItem>
                <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                    <TextBlock Text="01" Margin="5" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                    <Ellipse Width="30" Height="30">
                        <Ellipse.Fill>
                            <ImageBrush ImageSource="https://dotnet9.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/20200131234152.png"/>
                        </Ellipse.Fill>
                    </Ellipse>
                    <TextBlock Text="我的梦 - 张靓颖" Margin="10,0" VerticalAlignment="Center" Width="100" TextTrimming="CharacterEllipsis"/>
                    <TextBlock Text="2016" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                    <TextBlock Text="4:04" Margin="10,0" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                </StackPanel>
            </ListViewItem>
            <ListViewItem>
                <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                    <TextBlock Text="02" Margin="5" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                    <Ellipse Width="30" Height="30">
                        <Ellipse.Fill>
                            <ImageBrush ImageSource="https://dotnet9.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/20200131234746.png"/>
                        </Ellipse.Fill>
                    </Ellipse>
                    <TextBlock Text="凉凉 – 杨宗纬 & 张碧晨" Margin="10,0" VerticalAlignment="Center" Width="100" TextTrimming="CharacterEllipsis"/>
                    <TextBlock Text="2017" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                    <TextBlock Text="3:20" Margin="10,0" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                </StackPanel>
            </ListViewItem>
            <ListViewItem>
                <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                    <TextBlock Text="03" Margin="5" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                    <Ellipse Width="30" Height="30">
                        <Ellipse.Fill>
                            <ImageBrush ImageSource="https://dotnet9.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/20200131235020.png"/>
                        </Ellipse.Fill>
                    </Ellipse>
                    <TextBlock Text="如果这就是爱情 – 张靓颖" Margin="10,0" VerticalAlignment="Center" Width="100" TextTrimming="CharacterEllipsis"/>
                    <TextBlock Text="2017" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                    <TextBlock Text="2:57" Margin="10,0" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                </StackPanel>
            </ListViewItem>
            <ListViewItem>
                <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                    <TextBlock Text="04" Margin="5" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                    <Ellipse Width="30" Height="30">
                        <Ellipse.Fill>
                            <ImageBrush ImageSource="https://dotnet9.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/20200131235218.png"/>
                        </Ellipse.Fill>
                    </Ellipse>
                    <TextBlock Text="女儿国 – 张靓颖" Margin="10,0" VerticalAlignment="Center" Width="100" TextTrimming="CharacterEllipsis"/>
                    <TextBlock Text="2016" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                    <TextBlock Text="3:28" Margin="10,0" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                </StackPanel>
            </ListViewItem>
            <ListViewItem>
                <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                    <TextBlock Text="05" Margin="5" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                    <Ellipse Width="30" Height="30">
                        <Ellipse.Fill>
                            <ImageBrush ImageSource="https://dotnet9.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/20200131235356.png"/>
                        </Ellipse.Fill>
                    </Ellipse>
                    <TextBlock Text="另一个天堂 – 王力宏 & 张靓颖" Margin="10,0" VerticalAlignment="Center" Width="100" TextTrimming="CharacterEllipsis"/>
                    <TextBlock Text="2017" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                    <TextBlock Text="3:22" Margin="10,0" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                </StackPanel>
            </ListViewItem>
            <ListViewItem>
                <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                    <TextBlock Text="06" Margin="5" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                    <Ellipse Width="30" Height="30">
                        <Ellipse.Fill>
                            <ImageBrush ImageSource="https://dotnet9.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/20200131235528.png"/>
                        </Ellipse.Fill>
                    </Ellipse>
                    <TextBlock Text="我们说好的 – 张靓颖" Margin="10,0" VerticalAlignment="Center" Width="100" TextTrimming="CharacterEllipsis"/>
                    <TextBlock Text="2017" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                    <TextBlock Text="4:02" Margin="10,0" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                </StackPanel>
            </ListViewItem>
        </ListView>
    </Grid>
</Window>

简单说明:

  1. 界面中按钮使用开源控件库MD的【PackIcon】组件,统一风格使用了自定义前景色【Foreground】。
  2. 列表控件【ListView】用于展示音乐播放列表,方便演示,每一项写死的,实际使用需要封装成模板,方便MVVM数据绑定。
  3. 列表控件【ListView】的竖直滚动条样式进行了修改,可看资源定义,改为了整体和黑色背景比较搭配的白色。

下面是后台代码:文件【MainWindow.xaml.cs】,关闭窗体、窗体移动、上一首及下一首按钮简单点击等事件处理,因为是演示事例,所以写的简单。

using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Input;

namespace Player
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Interaction logic for MainWindow.xaml
    /// </summary>
    public partial class MainWindow : Window
    {
        public MainWindow()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void ButtonFechar_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            Application.Current.Shutdown();
        }

        private void Proxima_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (c1.Offset >= 0)
            {
                c1.Offset -= 0.01;
                c2.Offset -= 0.01;
            }
            else
            {
                c1.Offset = 1;
                c2.Offset = 0.89;
            }
        }

        private void Anterior_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (c2.Offset <= 1)
            {
                c1.Offset += 0.01;
                c2.Offset += 0.01;
            }
            else
            {
                c1.Offset = 0.11;
                c2.Offset = 0;
            }
        }

        private void MoveWindow_MouseLeftButtonDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
        {
            DragMove();
        }
    }
}

3.本文参考

  1. 视频一:C# WPF Design UI: Music Player,配套源码:Player1
  2. C# WPF开源控件库《MaterialDesignInXAML》

4.源码

演示代码已全部奉上,为了方便演示,代码中的图片使用本站外链,代码可直接拷贝并按代码结构组织编译即可运行。

可运行Demo点击即可下载: 【音乐播放器】。

源码:点击浏览下载

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