动态IL织入框架Harmony简单入手

Harmony是一个开放源代码库,旨在在运行时替换、修饰或修改任何现有C#方法。它的主要用在用Mono语言编写的游戏和插件,但是该技术可以与任何.NET版本一起使用。它还照顾对同一方法的多次更改(它们累积而不是覆盖)。

它为每个原始方法创建DynamicMethod方法,并向其织入代码,该代码在开始和结束时调用自定义方法。它还允许您编写过滤器来处理原始的IL代码,从而可以对原始方法进行更详细的操作。

文档可以在这里找到。

  • 最新2.0版本终于支持.net core.
  • Harmony支持手动(Patch)和自动(PatchAll)织入
  • 织入位置可以是执行前(Prefix)、执行后(Postfix)和终结嚣(Finalizer),也可以更详细的手动修改IL(Transpiler)
  • 支持构造函数、Getter/Setter、虚/非虚方法、静态方法

手动模式

class NoneGenericClass
{
    private readonly bool _isRunning = true;
    private int _counter = 1;

    public int DoSomething()
    {
        Console.WriteLine(nameof(DoSomething));

        if (_isRunning)
        {
            _counter++;
        }
        return _counter * 10;
    }

    public static int DoSomething2()
    {
        Console.WriteLine(nameof(DoSomething2));

        return 3333;
    }

    public IEnumerable<int> GetNumbers()
    {
        Console.WriteLine(nameof(GetNumbers));

        yield return 1;
        yield return 2;
        yield return 3;
    }
}

static class NoneGenericClassPatcher
{
    public static void Patch()
    {
        var harmony = new Harmony(nameof(NoneGenericClassPatcher));

        harmony.Patch(typeof(NoneGenericClass).GetMethod(nameof(NoneGenericClass.DoSomething)),
            new HarmonyMethod(GetMethod(nameof(MyPrefix))),
            new HarmonyMethod(GetMethod(nameof(MyPostfix))),
            new HarmonyMethod(GetMethod(nameof(MyTranspiler))),
            new HarmonyMethod(GetMethod(nameof(MyFinalizer))));

        Console.WriteLine(new NoneGenericClass().DoSomething());
        Console.WriteLine();

        harmony.Patch(typeof(NoneGenericClass).GetMethod(nameof(NoneGenericClass.GetNumbers)),
            new HarmonyMethod(GetMethod(nameof(MyPrefix))),
            new HarmonyMethod(GetMethod(nameof(PassthroughPostfix))),
            new HarmonyMethod(GetMethod(nameof(MyTranspiler))),
            new HarmonyMethod(GetMethod(nameof(MyFinalizer))));

        Console.WriteLine(string.Join(", ", new NoneGenericClass().GetNumbers())); //BUG:有Finalizer方法时PassthroughPostfix不生效
        Console.WriteLine();

        harmony.Patch(typeof(NoneGenericClass).GetMethod(nameof(NoneGenericClass.DoSomething2)),
            new HarmonyMethod(GetMethod(nameof(StaticPrefix))),
            new HarmonyMethod(GetMethod(nameof(MyPostfix))),
            new HarmonyMethod(GetMethod(nameof(MyTranspiler))),
            new HarmonyMethod(GetMethod(nameof(MyFinalizer))));

        Console.WriteLine(NoneGenericClass.DoSomething2());
    }

    static MethodInfo GetMethod(string name) => typeof(NoneGenericClassPatcher).GetMethod(name, BindingFlags.Static | BindingFlags.Public);

    public static bool MyPrefix(out Stopwatch __state, ref bool ____isRunning)
    {
        __state = Stopwatch.StartNew();
        Console.WriteLine($"{nameof(MyPrefix)} {____isRunning}");

        return true;
    }

    public static bool StaticPrefix(out Stopwatch __state)
    {
        __state = Stopwatch.StartNew();
        Console.WriteLine($"{nameof(StaticPrefix)}");

        return true;
    }

    public static void MyPostfix(Stopwatch __state, ref int __result, MethodBase __originalMethod)
    {
        Console.WriteLine($"{__state.ElapsedMilliseconds} {__result++}");
        Console.WriteLine(nameof(MyPostfix));
    }

    public static IEnumerable<int> PassthroughPostfix(IEnumerable<int> values)
    {
        yield return 0;
        foreach (var value in values)
            if (value > 1)
                yield return value * 10;
        yield return 99;
        Console.WriteLine(nameof(PassthroughPostfix));
    }

    // looks for STDFLD someField and inserts CALL MyExtraMethod before it
    public static IEnumerable<CodeInstruction> MyTranspiler(IEnumerable<CodeInstruction> instructions)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(nameof(MyTranspiler));
        //var found = false;
        foreach (var instruction in instructions)
        {
            //if (instruction.opcode == OpCodes.Stfld && instruction.operand == f_someField)
            //{
            //    yield return new CodeInstruction(OpCodes.Call, m_MyExtraMethod);
            //    found = true;
            //}
            yield return instruction;
        }
        //if (found == false)
        //    ReportError("Cannot find <Stdfld someField> in OriginalType.OriginalMethod");
    }

    public static void MyFinalizer(Exception __exception)
    {
        Console.WriteLine($"{nameof(MyFinalizer)} {__exception}");
    }
}

自动模式

public class Annotations
{
    private readonly bool _isRunning;

    public IEnumerable<int> GetNumbers()
    {
        Console.WriteLine(nameof(GetNumbers));

        yield return 1;
        yield return 2;
        yield return 3;
    }
}

[HarmonyPatch(typeof(Annotations))]
[HarmonyPatch(nameof(Annotations.GetNumbers))]
public class AnnotationsPatcher
{
    static AccessTools.FieldRef<Annotations, bool> isRunningRef =
        AccessTools.FieldRefAccess<Annotations, bool>("_isRunning");

    public static void Patch()
    {
        var harmony = new Harmony(nameof(AnnotationsPatcher));

        harmony.PatchAll();

        Console.WriteLine(string.Join(", ", new Annotations().GetNumbers()));
    }

    static bool Prefix(Annotations __instance)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Prefix");

        return true;
    }

    /// <summary>Not working</summary>
    static IEnumerable<int> Postfix(IEnumerable<int> values)
    {
        yield return 0;
        foreach (var value in values)
            if (value > 1)
                yield return value * 10;
        yield return 99;
        Console.WriteLine(nameof(Postfix));
    }

    // looks for STDFLD someField and inserts CALL MyExtraMethod before it
    public static IEnumerable<CodeInstruction> Transpiler(IEnumerable<CodeInstruction> instructions)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(nameof(Transpiler));
        //var found = false;
        foreach (var instruction in instructions)
        {
            //if (instruction.opcode == OpCodes.Stfld && instruction.operand == f_someField)
            //{
            //    yield return new CodeInstruction(OpCodes.Call, m_MyExtraMethod);
            //    found = true;
            //}
            yield return instruction;
        }
        //if (found == false)
        //    ReportError("Cannot find <Stdfld someField> in OriginalType.OriginalMethod");
    }
}

运行代码

static void Main(string[] args)
{
    NoneGenericClassPatcher.Patch();
    Console.WriteLine();
    AnnotationsPatcher.Patch();
}

输出结果

MyTranspiler
MyPrefix True
DoSomething
20
MyPostfix
MyFinalizer

MyTranspiler
MyPrefix True
MyFinalizer
GetNumbers
1, 2, 3

MyTranspiler
StaticPrefix
DoSomething2
3333
MyPostfix
MyFinalizer

Transpiler
Prefix
GetNumbers
Postfix
0, 20, 30, 99

原文出处:博客园【作者:彭伟】

原文链接:https://www.cnblogs.com/qhca/p/12336332.html

本文观点不代表Dotnet9立场,转载请联系原作者。

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